Introduction to ASP.NET

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ASP.NET is a web framework that is designed and developed by Microsoft. It is used to develop websites, web applications, and web services. ASP.NET framework is open-source and it is a subset of the .NET Framework. And it is the latest version of ASP. It provides fantastic integration of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

ASP.NET was first released in January 2002 and it had the extension of .aspx. And APS.NET is built on the Common Language Runtime (CLR) and allows programmers to write code using any supported .NET language. And ASP.NET is a server-side technology that is used for developing dynamic web applications.

It is used to produce interactive, data-driven web applications over the internet. And it consists of a large number of controls such as text boxes, buttons, and labels for assembling, configuring, and manipulating code to create HTML pages. And ASP.NET is a part of the Microsoft .Net platform.

ASP.NET supports multiple programming languages, including:

  • C#

  • VB.NET

  • JavaScript

  • TypeScript

  • J#

Components of .Net Framework

1) Common Language Runtime (CLR): The CLR is a virtual machine that provides a runtime environment for the .NET Framework. The CLR is responsible for managing the code execution. It manages the code execution by providing memory management and enforcing security policies.

CLR performs memory management, code execution, code safety, verification and compilation, thread execution, exception handling, debugging, and security checking. And the code developed with a language compiler that targets the runtime and the code which is directly managed by the CLR is called managed code. 

2) .NET Class Library: .NET Class Library is a collection of pre-built classes, interfaces, and value types that developers can use to build .NET applications and all these are collectively called types. 

3) ASP.NET: ASP.NET is a web application framework that is used by developers to create dynamic and interactive web applications using languages like C#, JavaScript, or VB.NET. ASP.NET is the web development model and AJAX is an extension of ASP.NET for developing and implementing AJAX functionality.

4) ADO.NET: It is a set of classes used for data access in .NET applications, allowing developers to interact with a variety of data sources, including databases, XML files, and web services. 

ADO.NET is the technology that is used for working with data and databases. ADO.NET provides access to data sources like SQL servers, OLE DB, XML, etc. It allows connection to data sources for retrieving, manipulating, and updating data.

5) Windows Forms: Windows Forms is a User Interface(UI) framework for building desktop applications using .NET. It contains the graphical representation of any window displayed in the web application.

6) Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF): It is a UI framework for building modern desktop applications with advanced graphics and multimedia capabilities. It provides a separation between the user interface and the business logic.

The Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) helps in developing visually stunning interfaces using documents, media, two and three-dimensional graphics, animations, and more.

7) Windows Communication Foundation (WCF): It is a framework for building distributed applications and web services, allowing applications to communicate across different platforms and technologies. And it is the technology that is used for building and executing connected systems.

8) Language Integrated Query (LINQ): It is a set of extensions to .NET languages. And LINQ adds native data querying capabilities to .NET languages. It provides a shorter and expressive syntax to manipulate data.

It imparts data querying capabilities to .Net languages using a syntax that is similar to the traditional query language SQL.

9) Visual Studio: Visual Studio is an Integrated Development Environment (IDE) used to develop .NET applications. It provides tools for coding, debugging, and deploying .NET applications.

It is used to create, test, debug and deploy .NET applications. And it provides a large number of templates for building different types of .NET applications.


ASP.NET is much easier than PHP, NodeJS, etc. and it is much faster or more efficient than other languages. ASP.NET allows us to build different applications and the execution takes place one time. ASP.NET help in reducing the issues related to speed,  cost, and language. 

ASP.NET helps to build complex web applications quickly and efficiently. With this, we can build web applications that can run on Windows, Linus, and macOS.

And it has built-in security features that can help you protect your web applications from common security threats.


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