What is HTML and Explain its features


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What is HTML?

i). HTML stands for Hypertext Markup language.

ii). HTML is a markup language that is used to create web pages.

iii). It is used to create the structure and layout of a webpage, including, heading, paragraph images, links, etc.

iv). HTML documents are made up of elements that are represented by tags.

v). HTML documents are plain text files that can be created using a simple text editor and are viewed using a web browser. Like chrome, firefox, opera mini, etc.

vi). It is a markup language, not a programming language.

vii). HTML consists of a series of elements.




Features of HTML

1). Simple and User-Friendly

  • HTML is easy to use and learn.

  • HTML tags make it easy for people and browsers to read the content efficiently.


2). Semantic Structure

  • There are several HTML tags for their specialized uses.

  • These HTML tags are defines their uses and purposes.

  • Like <footer> , <header>, <article> etc.


3. SEO (Search Engine Optimization)

  • HTML tags also help in the SEO of websites.

  • HTML tags such as title, meta with description, header, etc. help in the SEO of our website.


4. Media Support

  • With the help of HTML elements, we can run media like audio, video, and display images on web pages.

  • With HTML media tags we can also control the media files. Which means we can specify the controls on the media.


5. Canvas for Game Development

  • The most popular and important feature of HTML is that we can use HTML to create simple games.

  • HTML element <canvas> is used with CSS and JavaScript to create games.

  • With this significant feature of HTML, we can create 2D and 3D games.


6. Platform Independent

  • It means HTML can be run on any device which has a basic web browser.

  • Even on our mobile devices, we have chrome, firefox, opera mini, etc. browsers so we can run HTML easily on any device.


7. Used with other languages

  • Another important and useful feature of HTML is that we can use it in conjunction with other languages such as CSS or JavaScript.

  • We use HTML with other languages to create interactive and dynamic web pages.


8). Uses a Hierarchy

HTML uses a hierarchy of elements to create the structure of a web page. The highest level element is the <html> element, which contains the <head> and <body> elements. The <head> element contains information about the document, such as the title, while the <body> element contains the visible content of the web page.


Also read: Should I learn JavaScript in 2023

Also Read: How to become a Full Stack Web Developer in 2023




HTML frequently asked questions (FAQ)

Qus: What is HTML?

Ans: HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is the standard language used to create web pages. It is a markup language that is used to structure the content of a website, including text, images, and links.


Qus: What are some common HTML tags?

Ans: Some common HTML tags include:

i). <html>...</html> for the entire document.

ii). <head>...</head> for the head section.

iii). <title>...</title> for the title of the document.

iv). <body>...</body> for the body of the document.

v). <p>...</p> for a paragraph.

vi). <h1>...</h1> for a heading.

vii). <img> for an image.

viii). <a>...</a> for a link.

ix). <ul>...</ul> for an unordered list.

x). <ol>...</ol> for an ordered list.

xi). <li>...</li> for a list item.


Qus: What is the latest version of HTML?

Ans: The latest version of HTML is HTML5.


Qus: How is HTML used to create web pages?

Ans: HTML is used to define the structure and layout of a webpage, using a variety of tags to create headings, paragraphs, lists, images, links, and other types of content.


Qus: How do I link to another page?

Ans: You can use the <a> tag to create a link to another page. And the href attribute is used to specify the URL of the page you want to link to. For example: <a href="http://www.geekshelp.in"> Visit Now </a>.


Qus: What other languages can be used with HTML?

Ans: Other languages that can be used with HTML include CSS and JavaScript, which are used to create more interactive and dynamic web pages and add styling to a webpage.


Qus: How do I create an HTML document?

Ans: HTML documents are plain text files that can be created using a simple text editor, such as Notepad or TextEdit. The file should be saved with the .html or .htm file extension.


Qus: How do I view an HTML document?

Ans: HTML documents can be viewed using a web browser, such as Chrome, Firefox, or Safari. Simply open the browser and use the "Open" or "Open File" option to navigate to the HTML document you want to view.


Qus: How do I use CSS with HTML?

Ans: CSS can be used to add styling and layout to an HTML document. The CSS code can be included within the HTML document using a <style> tag, or it can be included in a separate file with the .css file extension and linked to the HTML document using the <link> tag.


Qus: How do I use JavaScript with HTML?

Ans: JavaScript can be used to create interactive and dynamic web pages. The JavaScript code can be included within the HTML document using a <script> tag, or it can be included in a separate file with the .js file extension and linked to the HTML document using the <script> tag.


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