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What is Programming Language and Its Types

What is a Language?

Language is a mode of communication that we use to communicate, and share ideas and opinions with each other. If we want to talk with someone we need a language to talk that is understandable by both of us.

So assume two people want to talk with each other and both know English so here English is a language which both communicators will use for communication.

What is Programming Language and Its Types

What is Programming Language?

A Programming Language is a computer language which is used by human (or we can say developers) to communicate with computers. A Programming Language is a set of instructions which are written in any specific computer language to perform tasks. And a Programming Language is used by developers to developer computer applications, mobile applications, website and computer software.

Type of Programming Language

1. Low Level Programming Language

Low-Level Language directly corresponds to the machine code. Low level language is machine-dependent programming language. And low-level programming language provide minimal abstraction from the hardware. Low-Level languages works with binary code which can be more complex for humans. And Low-Level Language are divided into two parts: i) Machine Language, ii) Assembly Language. 


2. Middle Level Programming Language

Middle Level Programming Language also known as intermediate programming language and pseudo-language. This type of language lies between Low-Level Programming Language and High-Level Programming Language. These types of programming languages are closely related to machine language and human language and these are user-friendly programming languages. Example of Middle Level Programming Language are C, C++.


3. High-Level Programming Language

High Level programming languages allow programmers to write code in an easier way. This language provides a high level of abstraction from the hardware. And code is easy to write and read in High Level Programming Languages as compared to low-level languages. And High Level Programming Language requires a compiler or interpreter to translate the programing into machine language. Example of High Level Languages are JavaScript, Python, Java, C++, Cobol, Swift.

Most Commonly used Programming Languages

1. JavaScript

JavaScript is a Scripting Language which is mostly used in web development to add additional functionality to web pages. And JavaScript is used on client-side and server-side. And JavaScript is a dynamically typed language. And it is developed in 1995s.


2. Python

Python is the mostly commonly and widely used programming language. Python is an open-source and easy learn programming language for beginners. And python is developed in 1991s. Python is is mostly used in Machine Learning (ML), Artificial Intelligence (AI), Big Data, Robotics and Desktop Applications.


3. Java

Java is a platform-independent programming language. And it is developed in 1995 by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems. Java is mainly used for Desktop Applications, Android Applications and Web Development. And Java is now owned by Oracle.


4. C++

C++ is most popular and widely used programming language. It is developed in 1980 by Bjarne Stroustrup. And C++ is similar to C Programming Language but it includes some additional features like Object-Oriented Programming, Type Checking, etc. C++ is mostly used for building Operating Systems, Games, Software Libraries, etc.


5. PHP

PHP stand for Hypertext Preprocessor. PHP is an open-source and very powerful server-side scripting language. PHP is mainly used to build dynamic and static website. And PHP is developed in 1994 by Rasmus Laird. 


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